It is this issue of conflicted or alternating emotions that was philosophically contentious to the ancient writers.

[40], Cicero reports that Greek philosophers considered misogyny to be caused by gynophobia, a fear of women. Melton has also stated that the Church of Scientology welcomes both genders equally at all levels—from leadership positions to auditing and so on—since Scientologists view people as spiritual beings. In particular, men with a rigid, narrow view of how to be a man are more likely to commit or tolerate this form of violence. For example, the two words we use to describe gender, masculine and feminine, limit us with their strict definitions. In the movie Mona Lisa Smile, Betty’s mother was pressurizing Betty to make her husband read a poem at the wedding not just to act like he enjoyed the marriage but mainly because it was a tradition for men. [15], Feminist theory touches on different aspects of misogyny, such as the notion of "good" versus "bad" women, the patriarchal bargain, and contempt for the feminine. When Betty said she didn’t care about it, her mother refused and still insisted that she should do it. originates with men, driven by what is inside them. Her parliamentary address is known as the Misogyny Speech. [60] Aristotle believed that men and women naturally differed both physically and mentally. Wellesley College was a college built to raise future wives and not future leaders meaning that society had already placed women below the ladder without any intention or thoughts of them climbing back, How a man acts does not dictate how he actually is. Instead of calling them beautiful there would be more warrant for describing women as the unaesthetic sex. 2009. He never says that the men might be held in common by the women... We also have to acknowledge Socrates' insistence that men surpass women at any task that both sexes attempt (455c, 456a), and his remark in Book 8 that one sign of democracy's moral failure is the sexual equality it promotes (563b). Men are reluctant to take a stand against the patriarchal system for fear of being perceived as weak or unmanly. [16], The Madonna–whore dichotomy or virgin/whore dichotomy is the perception of women as either good and chaste or as bad and promiscuous. All rights reserved. [65] In his Thus Spoke Zarathustra, he has a female character say "You are going to women? Johnson argues that be in charge.

[12] On a larger scale, internalized sexism falls under the broad topic of internalized oppression, which "consists of oppressive practices that continue to make the rounds even when members of the oppressor group are not present". The system, known as patriarchy splices people into categories of masculine and feminine. In a home, the father is always the head of the home, providing food and clothing for every family member but there are some women who like to be independent and would also love to work and make money and cater for the family. [83] Harassment is associated with decreased psychological well-being, including diminished self-confidence and greater risk of anxiety and depression. The character of Misogynos is the origin of the term misogynist in English. Both male and female are not accustomed to any particular set of traits. What is culturally valued is associated with masculinity and maleness and what is devalued is associated with femininity and femaleness, regardless of the reality of men’s and women’s lives”,( Johnson 64). In this view, misogyny also causes homophobia against gay men because gay men are stereotyped as feminine and weak; misogyny likewise causes anxiety among straight men that they will be seen as unmanly. Further, men in fairy tales are said to be good kings and good husbands irrespective of their actions. In terms of patriarchy, these parts are the different standards and ideals that patriarchy upholds. And hey, a man can offer useful insights on what it feels like to have Allan G. Johnson's The Gender Knot: Unraveling our Patriarchal Legacy , is a mixed bag. [10][75] Online misogyny includes both individual attempts to intimidate and denigrate women,[10] and also coordinated, collective attempts such as vote brigading and the Gamergate antifeminist harassment campaign.

In his book Popular Islam and Misogyny: A Case Study of Bangladesh, Taj Hashmi discusses misogyny in relation to Muslim culture (and to Bangladesh in particular), writing: [T]hanks to the subjective interpretations of the Quran (almost exclusively by men), the preponderance of the misogynic mullahs and the regressive Shariah law in most "Muslim" countries, Islam is synonymously known as a promoter of misogyny in its worst form.

They must be exercised to constraint, so that it costs them nothing to stifle all their fantasies to submit them to the will of others." Dictionaries define misogyny as "hatred of women"[21][22][23] and as "hatred, dislike, or mistrust of women".

In the United States, a study of young women showed that internalized misogyny also corresponded to political affiliation. "It was the prevailing medical opinion of his day that wine strengthens body and soul alike. [24] In 2012, primarily in response to events occurring in the Australian Parliament,[25] the Macquarie Dictionary (which documents Australian English and New Zealand English) expanded the definition to include not only hatred of women but also "entrenched prejudices against women". According to Allan G. Johnson.

This "evil thing" is Pandora, the first woman, who carried a jar (usually described—incorrectly—as a box) which she was told to never open. [10] Psychological violence, such as internalized misogyny, abuse, and harassment, also correlate with misogyny.

Although there is no way of defending the so-called "great" traditions of Islam as libertarian and egalitarian with regard to women, we may draw a line between the Quranic texts and the corpus of avowedly misogynic writing and spoken words by the mullah having very little or no relevance to the Quran. "The fabric of internalized sexism.". Chrysippus' point is more abstract than Antipater's, and Galen quotes the passage as an example of an opinion contrary to his own. The main example in Allan G Johnson’s “Patriarchy: A System” is a game of Monopoly.