The United States Geological Survey reports this event as the "largest earthquake of the 20th (2006). of dockage at the Southwest Yacht Club at Point Loma. This earthquake was spawned over the South American Plate and the Nazca Plate, creating a rupture zone over 350 miles long. (Quoted from: Tsunami in Hawaii. This left This scene shows part of a coastal community where homes were torn from their foundations and tossed about by the waves. Duputel, Z., Rivera, L., Kanamori, H., & Hayes, G. (2012). This earthquake was dangerous and intense in magnitude yet there were no recorded deaths or damages as it affected a remote region. day before that caused significant damage in the Concepcion area. The epicenter was located 78 miles east of Anchorage and 14 miles beneath the ground. The 2012 earthquake was not as destructive as the 2004 one and caused only 10 deaths and 12 injured. estimated 300 small craft were set adrift and about 30 sunk including a 24 m yacht which smashed into bridge piers The Aleutian arc where the North American and Pacific crustal plates converge has proven to be one of the most active seismic zones in the world. Fifty houses at Kuliouou, an eastern suburb of Honolulu, were flooded, and $250,000 in damage was done. Journal of geophysical research, 82(20), 2981-2987. In scientific terms, an earthquake is triggered when two blocks or parts of the earth suddenly slide past one another. López, A. M., & Okal, E. A. Damage was near total in these areas. assigned a magnitude of 9.5 by the United States Geological Survey. Other buildings were damaged at Paukukalo, just outside and west of the harbor. Most of the damage and deaths were caused by a series of tsunamis that were generated by the earthquake. Also known as the “Vallenar Earthquake”, this even triggered a destructive tsunami and cost several hundred casualties and the earthquake itself killed more than 1,000 people. Valdivian Earthquake struck near the city of Valdivia in Chile and was the most powerful earthquake struck ever in the recorded history. These This photo shows houses located on an area underlain by fill. More than 12,000 people were injured. Rocks weighing as much as 20 metric Global seismic moment release: During the 100-year period between 1906 and 2005, three earthquakes accounted for nearly half of the world's total seismic release. This area subsided about six feet during the earthquake, flooding houses at low elevation. Largest earthquake - tsunami damage: An aerial view of damage caused along the coast of Chile by the tsunamis. Theoretical basis of some empirical relations in seismology. This earthquake caused the infamous Kamchatka Peninsula Tsunami, which ravaged the local population with waves up to 50 feet in height. The following are the 20 deadliest earthquakes ever in modern recorded history. The Valdivia Earthquake was the largest earthquake recorded in the world. No earthquakes were found in the database for this date. The amplitude was more than 1.4 m at Santa Monica. W phase source inversion for moderate to large earthquakes (1990–2010). In the area of maximum destruction, only buildings of reinforced concrete Therefore, although it was massive, no casualties were recorded. The Hawaiian Islands suffered the most from the aftermath of this earthquake outside of the local area where it occurred, experiencing about $17 million in losses. In scientific terms, an earthquake is triggered when two blocks or parts of the earth suddenly slide past one another. The Chilean government estimated that about 2,000,000 people were left homeless. destroyed or damaged thousands of buildings. Many cities in Maule region of Chile were badly affected and destroyed by this earthquake. NOAA image by Pierre St. Amand. roads, and a beachhouse was demolished on the Island of Lanai. The world's first recorded magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck off the east coast of Kamchatka in 1952. In general the wave action along Hawaiian shores was quiet, resembling that of the tide, although it had a shorter period and a Near Hilo, Hawaii, 61 landing including the tide gage was washed 5.6 km to sea but was rescued. This earthquake was the worst even recorded earthquake in Japan and among the biggest earthquakes in history. 8.3 magnitude earthquake 1920-12-16 12:05:55 UTC at 12:05 December 16, 1920 UTC Location: Epicenter at 36.888, 105.606 133.2 km from Baiyin (83.2 miles) Commonly known as the Indian Ocean Earthquake, the Sumatra-Andaman Islands Earthquake displaced massive amounts of water to create the Indian Ocean Tsunami, which cost approximately $10 billion in local losses. Source: The earthquake caused floods and landslides which caused massive destruction to the nearby villages in the region. The Valdivia Earthquake was the largest earthquake recorded in the world. about $24 million for Hawaii is given by the Hawaiian office of Civil Defense.). Find the largest 10 quakes in the world for a given day, whole month, or even year, since 1900! The United States Geological Survey reports that there was about five feet of subsidence along the tons were plucked from a sea wall and carried as far as 180 m inland. Some guidelines. observed at Stenson Beach. On the island of Molokai there was some damage to houses, fish ponds, and Our expert volcanologists and photographers offer unique travel experiences: Wonder which was the most powerful earthquake in the world on your birthday? A 100 ton dredge rammed the concrete pilings supporting the Mission Bay bridge tearing out a "A devastating earthquake (magnitude 8.6) off the coast of central Chile generated a tsunami affecting the entire Pacific Basin. There it destroyed more than damage consisted of one frame building being floated off its foundation on the south coast.". This earthquake occurred along the North American and Pacific Plates and the tremors caused significant damage 120 kilometers to the northwest, in the town of Anchorage. Total deaths resulting from this were 1522 and 1,542 people went missing. This huge earthquake in Sichuan happened on May 8, 2008, and measured 8 on the Richter scale. How to watch volcanoes? Click on a pin on the map to see more information. The tsunami triggered waves up to 23 feet high. This earthquake struck near Aleutian Islands and claimed between 165 – 173 casualties and resulted in nearly $26 million dollars of destruction. snapped and washed out pilings. Also known as the Good Friday earthquake, cost around 131 people their lives and massive damage of nearly $116 million in 1964, which today would be around one billion US dollars. Data from the United States Geological Survey. This was felt in regions such as Australia as well. NOAA image by Pierre St. Amand. The width of thin black wedge at slightly past 3:00 on the chart represents the release of the deadly San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. 1960 Great Chilean Earthquake (Valdivia Earthquake), 1964 Prince William Sound Earthquake, Alaska (USA), 2004 Sumatra - Andaman Islands Earthquake (Indonesia), off the east coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, Rat Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska (USA), off the west coast of northern Sumatra (Indonesia). The earthquake struck the sea region between Ecuador and Colombia and the resulting tsunami claimed more than 1,000 casualties and the maximum run-up height was 16 feet! or structural steel, and a few others sheltered by these buildings, remained standing--and even these were generally gutted. Because the earthquake so powerful, it has shifted our earth axis by 25 cm. The tsunami rocked Crescent City, Calif., which was also hit hard by the recent Japan earthquake.No lives were lost, but in Hawaii, property damage was estimated at up to $1 million USD. Okal, E. A. Image by NOAA. Houses, boats, and uprooted trees were washed as much as a mile inland by a 13-foot-high tsunami. There are many different casualty estimates for this earthquake. The world's largest earthquake with an instrumentally documented magnitude occurred on May 22, 1960 near Valdivia, in southern Chile. 9.5: Bio-Bio, Chile: Valdivia Earthquake: 1960-05-22: 19:11: 38.14°S: 73.41°W: Kanamori & Anderson, 1975: 2. Another 32 people were killed in the Philippines about 24 hours after The Valdivia Earthquake was the largest earthquake recorded in the world. Banda region is near Papua New Guinea and this earthquake did not cost any human lives, yet destructive tsunami waves rose up to 1.5 meters and even Indonesia and Australia felt the earthquake. The amplitude at Port Hueneme was 1.3 m NOAA image by Pierre St. Amand. This was a megathrust earthquake that occurred at a depth of about 20 miles, where the Nazca Plate is subducting Around $10,000 of property were damaged and the tsunami waves rose up to nearly 35 feet in some regions. the earthquake. prompting fears of a fire. The 1960 Valdivia Earthquake accounted for greater than 20% of the global seismic release. in a showroom was swept away; heavy machinery, mill rollers, and metal stocks were strewn about. But the effects were felt as far as Bangkok, Thailand which is approximately 1,000 kilometers away. Yacht Anchorage and Cerritos Yacht Anchorage for a loss of $300,000. mooring lines but were taken in tow. Death tool was about 5.700-6,000 lives 2. 1700 Cascadia earthquake, Magnitude: about 8.7-9.2 ,(Pacific Ocean, USA and Canada ), January 26, 1700, The 1700’s Cascadia earthquake was the oldest earthquake in the top 10 list and Geologist Brian Atwater with his team gathered the evidence of the earthquake on the orphan Tsunami of 1700 in 2005. This earthquake whipped out nearly 98% of the households in the region and 42% of the area’s population. The world's largest earthquake with an instrumentally documented magnitude occurred on May 22, 1960 near Valdivia, in southern Chile. A church floated 6.1 m away Philippines were killed by this event. The majority of the damage was actually caused by the resulting tsunami rather than by the earthquake itself, with tsunami warnings being issued along the entire stretch of coastline between Nikolski and Attu.