The perceived bitterness of cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli varies from person to person, but the functional underpinnings of this variation are not known.  Broccoli has its origins in primitive cultivars grown in the Roman Empire. , The majority of broccoli cultivars are cool-weather crops that do poorly in hot summer weather. Produce for Better Health. U.S. Botanically, … Rapini, sometimes called "broccoli raab" among other names, forms similar but smaller heads, and is actually a type of turnip (Brassica rapa). What is broccolini? Recipes. Nutrition Data's Opinion, Completeness Score™, Fullness Factor™, Rating, Estimated Glycemic Load … ), U.S. No. Produce for Better Health Foundation. USDA. Other popular cultivars include Belstar, Blue Wind, Coronado Crown, Destiny, DiCicco, Green Goliath, Green Magic, Purple Sprouting, Romanesco, Sun King and Waltham 29. Serving Size: cup (122 g grams) Amount Per Serving. Broccolini. Sprouting broccoli (white or purple) has a larger number of heads with many thin stalks. Raw broccoli contains almost 90% water, 7% carbs, 3% protein, and almost no fat. 100 g fresh head provides 623 IU or 21 % of recommended daily levels. Storage. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Broccoli. It has large (10 to 20 cm) green heads and thick stalks. The broccoli shall be free from decay, and from damage caused by overmaturity, insects, and from serious damage caused by discoloration of bud clusters or leaves, freezing, wilting, dirt or other foreign material, disease, or mechanical or other means. Follow along to move more! Some research reports that the gene TAS2R38 may be responsible for bitter taste perception in broccoli. Broccoli has large flower heads, usually dark green in color, arranged in a tree-like structure branching out from a thick stalk which is usually light green. Nutrition.gov is a USDA-sponsored website that offers credible information to help you make healthful eating choices. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. ARS. Broccoli "giant", whose flowering head and stalk can reach a kilo. This nutritious vegetable contains vitamins, folate, iron, potassium, and calcium among other nutrients. Further, it contains good amounts of another anti-oxidant vitamin, vitamin-A. USDA. 1 consists of Italian Sprouting Broccoli of the same type. ), U.S. No. Calories 37 % Daily Value * 1% Total Fat 0.6 g grams. The user can retrieve sources of various nutrients, and calculate different fat levels in ground beef; (ii) the USDA Branded Food Products Database, which recently was expanded to include over 77,000 food items under a Public-Private partnership.  In some varieties the normally bitter tasting compounds are in less volatile forms. Cooked Broccoli (Fat Not Added in Cooking), Broccoli (with Salt, Drained, Cooked, Boiled), Birds Eye Riced Cauliflower with Italian Cheese, Whole Foods Market Protein Blend Caribbean Style. It has a head shaped like cauliflower, but consisting of tiny flower buds. Alternative Farming Systems Information Center, Animal Experimentation and Animal Use Alternatives, Educational Resources for Children, Parents, and Teachers, Marketing Strategies, Consumer Behavior, and Trade, Pollution, Waste Management, and Natural Resources Conservation, Agricultural Biotechnology, Plant Genetics, and Plant Breeding, Lawns and Turf, Landscaping, and Ornamental Plants, Plant Diseases and Disorders, Plant Pests, and Weeds, Production Technology and Agricultural Engineering, Digital Images, Photographs, and Publications, Professional Society and Organizational History, Checklist for Data Management Plan peer review. Furrow flood irrigation on a field of broccoli raised for seed in Yuma, Arizona. Broccolini is a hybrid vegetable, developed by crossing broccoli with Kai-lan (Chinese broccoli or Chinese kale). Please note that some foods may not be suitable for some people and you are urged to seek the advice of a physician before beginning any weight loss effort or diet regimen. Together with other pro-vitamins like beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, and zeaxanthin, vitamin-A helps in maintaining the integrity of skin and mucosa. The greens recognized as rapini, raab, turnip rabe, rapa, rapine, Italian or Chinese broccoli, broccoli rape, broccoli de rabe, Italian turnip, turnip broccoli, etc. Recipes. FoodHero.org. Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family (family Brassicaceae, genus Brassica) whose large flowering head, stalk and small associated leaves are eaten as a vegetable. 2 consists of Italian Sprouting Broccoli of the same type. Broccoli grows best when exposed to an average daily temperature between 18 and 23 °C (64 and 73 °F). FoodData Central is managed by the Agricultural Research Service’s Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center and hosted by the National Agricultural Library. Oregon State University. Spicy, zesty broccoli rabe is one of the favorite Mediterranean greens commonly featuring in Italian and French cuisine.  Other factors, such as isothiocyanates and polyphenols, are also likely involved in bitterness perception. This supports local agriculture and makes produce more available in communities. Percent Daily Values (%DV) are for adults or children aged 4 or older, and are based on a 2,000 calorie reference diet. , Beneforté is a variety of broccoli containing 2–3 times more glucoraphanin and produced by crossing broccoli with a wild Brassica variety, Brassica oleracea var villosa.. Top 10 Ways to Enjoy Broccoli. View food values for six choline metabolites- Betaine, Glycerophosphocholine, Phosphocholine, Phosphatidylcholine, Sphingomyelin, and Total choline. Nutrient Data Laboratory; University of North Carolina, Department of Nutrition. SNAP Recipes. SNAP-Ed nutrition education classes also teach kids and adults how to eat veggies. Many SNAP-Ed programs work in Farmers' Markets and promote produce. ESTIMATED GLYCEMIC LOAD™ Glycemic load is a way of expressing a food or meal's effect on blood-sugar levels. Although the information provided on this site is presented in good faith and believed to be correct, FatSecret makes no representations or warranties as to its completeness or accuracy and all information, including nutritional values, is used by you at your own risk. Broccoli resembles cauliflower, which is a different cultivar group of the same Brassica species. Raw broccoli also contains moderate amounts (10–19% DV) of several B vitamins and the dietary mineral manganese, whereas other micronutrients are low in content (less than 10% DV). All trademarks, copyright and other forms of intellectual property are property of their respective owners. EatFresh. It is a cool-season annual crop. The broccoli shall be free from decay, and from damage caused by overmaturity, discoloration of bud clusters or leaves, freezing, wilting, dirt or other foreign material, disease, insects, mechanical or other means. , Mostly introduced by accident to North America, Australia and New Zealand, "cabbage worms", the larvae of Pieris rapae, also known as the "small white" butterfly, are a common pest in broccoli.. U.S. Learn how healthy eating and … The broccoli shall be free from decay, and from damage caused by overmaturity, discoloration of bud clusters or leaves, freezing, wilting, dirt or other foreign material, disease, insects, mechanical or other means. In 2017, global production of broccoli (combined for production reports with cauliflowers) was 26.0 million tonnes, with China and India together accounting for 73% of the world total. Raw broccoli is 89% water, 7% carbohydrates, 3% protein, and contains negligible fat (table). The .gov means it’s official. Nutrition facts and Information for Broccoli, raw. San Francisco Human Services Agency. USDA works to increase food security and reduce hunger by providing children and low-income people access to food, a healthful diet and nutrition education in a way that supports American agriculture and inspires public confidence.