| Health related physical fitness is further divided into 5 parts. Minimum of fat and maximum of lean mass is a sign of a healthy and fit body. EXERCISE: Strength training exercises such as running, jogging, cross-training on an elliptical machine, etc. There are five basic components of physical fitness. The application of the FITT variables for the different fitness components is covered in more depth in the exercise prescription pages at ptdirect. Claim your free copy of the client back care guide today. EXERCISE: Weight training exercises- push ups, pull ups, biceps curls, pectoral fly, leg extensions, back extension, etc. In order to prescribe the ideal sets, reps and rests for your clients you must understand the components of fitness these variables relate to. Organnic Foods ASSESSMENT: Among athletes a 40 yard dash is often used to measure speed. Physical fitness and wellness is far more attainable than commonly perceived. It has also been defined as the ability to exert muscle force quickly. Our very best guides, tips & tricks for helping you manage life's complex relationships - right to your inbox. A fitness component is simply a way of identifying a certain part of a person’s fitness – essentially you are labelling a subset of changes that you want to occur as a component. Fitness: The definition of physical fitness might vary by individual but most experts agree that there are five basic components of physical fitness which involve your heart, lungs, strength, endurance, and agility or flexibility. 'https://ssl':'http://www')+'.google-analytics.com/ga.js';var s=document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga,s);})(); 5 Components of Physical Fitness A good level of both physical fitness and skill-related fitness is needed to be successful in most sports, but the relative importance of each component is dependent upon the sport chosen. Timing of Protein Intake It is possible to have muscular strength in one area, say your arms, while lacking strength in another area such as your legs. Description. What is Physical Fitness? Sports Related Physical fitness is directed towards optimizing athletic performance, recreational activity, increasing ability to work, and avoidance of injury. It helps individuals to look, feel and do their best. Strength training for example doesn’t ‘stop’ as soon as you do more than 6 reps for example, the training just becomes predominantly hypertrophy training. Juice for Weight Loss BODY COMPOSITION –. Total response time includes stimulus to beginning of movement (reaction time) to end of movement (movement time). It does not refer to your weight in pounds or your figure. It’s important to realise that fitness components exist on a continuum rather than as distinct areas as depicted in the previous table. How Much Fat Should You Eat & How Much is Too Much? Sports Definition: refers primarily to the distribution of muscle and fat in the body. It reflects how well your heart and lungs work together to supply oxygen to your body during exertion and exercise. Aromatherapy for Cellulite There are, however, many different types of power and total assessment would require many different tests. ASSESSMENT: There are many different types of reaction time and total assessment of reaction time would require many different tests. How to Prevent Juvenile Delinquency: 5 Tips for Parents, How Not to Lose Your Identity as a Mother, How to Move On From the Past and Let Go of Regret, 6 Things You Need to Know When Hiring an Online Divorce…, What You Need to Know to Get Fit in Your Own Home, Stress Reduction Tactics for Fitness and Health. Healthy Vegetable juices Strength can also be assessed using dynamo meters. MORPHOLOGICAL FITNESS -. In short, physical fitness is endurance; physical fitness is flexibility, physical fitness is endurance; physical fitness is cardiovascular fitness; physical fitness is proper body fat ratios; physical fitness is muscular strength. Bone integrity is related to habitual physical activity. MUSCULAR ENDURANCE -. The fitness components, their definitions and examples are covered in the following table: Speed. The proportion of fat in your body compared to your bone and muscle. It is directly related to performance in games and sports. For this reason some consider it to be a combination of skill and health-related physical fitness. The ability to develop and maintain movement as quickly as possible for short durations. Andropause - Male Menopause? Balance is generally considered to be of two types- static and dynamic. 1RM tests are typically conducted on resistance machines. The Five Basic Components of Physical Fitness Explained, Step-Parents: 17 Tips to Balance Your Family and Your Relationship. And if you want to strengthen your body in its entirety then try short exercises that involve each pose and stretch each day if you can. Components of physical fitness plays a major role in achieving your physical fitness. The fitness components, their definitions and examples are covered in the following table: The ability to develop and maintain movement as quickly as possible for short durations, Sprinting 100 metres, jabbing in boxing, getting to a drop shot in tennis, escaping an unpleasant situation as quickly as possible, The ability to produce maximal or near maximal force very quickly, Throwing a shot put, a left hook in boxing, serving in tennis, slam dunking in basketball, pushing an offensive personal away, The ability to move a muscle/tendon around a set of joints and maintain full range of movement (ROM) at those joints, Doing the splits, being able to turn easily when backing a car, reaching wide and low for a volley in tennis, stretching after a gym session, The ability to maintain the centre of mass over the base of support, Not drifting during a jump shot in basketball, not falling over after a golf shot, not falling over when doing lunges or squats in the gym, The ability to change the body’s position quickly and precisely, Changing direction while dribbling a soccer ball, side stepping in rugby, swaying to avoid a punch in boxing, Strength is the maximum force a person can exert on a given resistance for a set number of repetitions or set time, Lifting a bed down a set of stairs, carrying six heavy shopping bags in from the car, climbing a rope ladder on an obstacle course, lifting very heavy weights in the gym, The ability to grow a muscle/group of muscles, Growing total muscle mass in the off-season for a rugby league front rower, building muscle size in the gym, building muscles that have wasted away over time due to a sedentary lifestyle, The ability to work a particular muscle or muscle group for longer periods at less than maximal effort, A small craft yachtsmen squatting in the boat for long periods, a snow boarder developing leg stamina for boarding, doing as many push ups as you can in a circuit class, The ability to sustain high intensity efforts for as long as possible, A 400 or  800 metre runner, a basketball player during several minutes of continuous play, any form of interval training, The ability to sustain exercise for extended periods of time using large amounts of muscle mass in cyclical (repeated) movement at low to moderate intensities, A 10km run, a triathlon, walking a track, cycling an hour home from work.