Herodotus Modern Greek literature is written in common Modern Greek. Listed below are ten ancient Greek writers whose works have had a huge impact on modern society and culture worldwide. All rights reserved. [2] The Greeks created poetry before making use of writing for literary purposes. Top 10 Places Straight Out Of Fairy Tales You Have to Visit, Top 10 Strangest Websites Out There You’ve Never Heard Of, Top 10 Anime Series You Absolutely Must Watch. Eratosthenes of Alexandria wrote on astronomy and geography, but his work is known mainly from later summaries. During the Roman era, significant contributions were made in a variety of subjects, including history, philosophy, and the sciences. A number of alphabets and syllabaries had been used to render Greek, but surviving Greek literature was written in a Phoenician-derived alphabet that arose primarily in Greek Ionia and was fully adopted by Athens by the fifth century BC. He was a student of Socrates. He is also known to have calculated the value of pi. 446-386 BC The Greek language arose from the proto-Indo-European language; roughly two-thirds of its words can be derived from various reconstructions of the tongue. The Greek language arose from the proto-Indo-European language; roughly two-thirds of its words can be derived from various reconstructions of the tongue. Adamantios Korais and Rigas Feraios are two of the most notable figures. Encyclopedias also flourished in this period.[9]. The Cretan Renaissance poem Erotokritos is one of the most significant works from this time period. 300 BC 496-406 BC He is the inventor of The Archimedes’ Screw, a mechanism for moving water still used today. These plays were full of obscenity, abuse, and insult. And on a more important note, anyone can post their own lists as well, by heading to the "writers area". What is odd is that there is no knowledge of Homer’s life to such an extent that historians dispute his existence. Aristophanes Most poems focused on myths, legends that were part folktale and part religion. What do you care about Socrates and Thucydides? Three philosophers are especially notable: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Archimedes Only 47 of his works have survived. We aim to be educational and fun at the same time. Aristotle is considered the last of the great Greek Philosophers and was the tutor of Alexander the Great. 484-425 BC At the beginning of Greek literature stand the works of Homer; the Iliad and the Odyssey. The latter never wrote anything of his own. Greek literature dates back from the ancient Greek literature, beginning in 800 BC, to the modern Greek literature of today. A third historian, Xenophon, wrote "Hellenica," which is considered an extension of Thucydides's work.[6]. His two surviving works are Works and Days and Theogony. He founded logic as a science. Herodotus is considered by many the father of history. This period saw the revival of Greek and Roman studies and the development of Renaissance humanism[10] and science. Modern Greek literature is written in common Modern Greek. The Iliad is a detailed telling of the Trojan War while the Odyssey recounts Odysseus' 20-year journey home following the Trojan War. The greatest prose achievement of the 4th century BC was in philosophy. Although there is not much information on his life, it is known that he was active at the Library of Alexandria. Aristotle He was one of Plato’s students and the first to doubt him. Euclid Only eighteen plays have survived in entity. The surviving plays by Aristophanes are a treasure trove of comic presentation. This time period is divided into the Preclassical, Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman periods. The most famous work of his is the Hippocratic Oath which describes doctoral ethics. Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in Ancient Greek dialects. His most famous works were the Ecclesiazusae, the Frogs and Lysistrata. Byzantine literature combined Greek and Christian civilization on the common foundation of the Roman political system. In ancient … your refusal to answer the question if you are ethnic Greek suggests you are not. Doctors today still take parts of this oath. After the 3rd century BC, the Greek colony of Alexandria in northern Egypt became the center of Greek culture. The Cretan Renaissance poem Erotokritos is a prominent work of this time period. Euripides It is worth mentioning that the word history itself comes from his book Histories which in Greek means “stories.”. 287-212 BC (who pretty much got the philosophy ball rolling), Greece.GreekReporter.com Latest News from Greece, 10 of the Most Significant Writers of Ancient Greece, Covid Vaccine Will Be Free of Charge for All Greeks, PM…, Greece in Talks With London-Based Banks for Relocation to Athens, Mainland Greece Placed on UK Quarantine List, Turkish Cypriots Rally Against Erdogan’s Plan for a Picnic at Varosha, Cyprus President Anastasiades Congratulates “Good Friend” Joe Biden, Muslim Demonstrators Attack French Embassy in Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Cyprus to “Create New Geography of Understanding”, Erdogan Plans to Have Picnic in the Occupied Cypriot Town of…, 18-Million-Year Old Petrified Trees Unearthed on Greece’s Lesvos, Greece Under Overnight Curfew Beginning on Friday, Volos Museum Displays Historical Treasures from Hub of Ancient Greek Civilization, The 61st Thessaloniki International Film Festival Launches Virtually, Stelios Kerasidis Becomes Youngest Greek Student in Prestigious Music Academy, When Sean Connery Called for the Return of the Parthenon Marbles…, German Idol Films in Mykonos’ Iconic Little Venice, Refugee from Moria Camp Signs Professional Football Contract with Greek Club, Late Goal Gives Olympiacos a Winning Start in Champions League, Greek PM Nixes Plan for Return of Fans to Football Stadiums, Athens By Night for Greek Superstars Antetokounmpo, Tsitsipas. During this period, the modern vernacular form of the Greek language became more commonplace in writing. Can the Deadly Earthquake Reduce Tensions Between Greece and Turkey? Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in Ancient Greek dialects. Byzantine literature refers to literature of the Byzantine Empire written in Atticizing, Medieval and early Modern Greek. Socrates and Thucydides deserve at the very least honorable mention. Theocritus, who lived from about 310 to 250 BC, was the creator of pastoral poetry, a type that the Roman Virgil mastered in his Eclogues.[7]. Significant historians of the period were Timaeus, Polybius, Diodorus Siculus, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Appian of Alexandria, Arrian, and Plutarch. The most famous of Plato’s work were The Republic and the Symposium. The Classical period saw the dawn of drama and history. ), Encyclopædia Britannica Article on Greek Literature, Warwick University Bibliography of Greek Literature, Overview of Preclassical Greek Literature, Princeton and Stanford Working Papers in Classics, Ancient World Open Bibliography on Classical Literature, Williams College Bibliography for the Classics, Bryn Mawr Guide to Hellenistic Literature, Oxford Bibliographies for Hellenistic Literature, Ancient-Greec.org overview of Hellenistic Literature, History Channel Vault of Hellenistic Greece, Hellenistic Historiography by Syracuse University, University of Chicago Greco-Roman Literature Overview, Shawnee Heights Greco-Roman Literature Overview, University of Notre Dame, History of Byzantine Literature, King's College London History of Byzantine Literature, Hellenism.net, Modern Greek Literature Overview, Ancient_Greek_Literature_as_Oral_Literature, "Review of: A Guide to Hellenistic Literature.