So again I filled up the form and submitted to the officer at Mizoram House. In 1971, the government agreed to convert the Mizo Hills into a Union Territory, which became Mizoram in 1972. From there, we crossed the border bridge across the Tiau River. Other problems faced by the state includes shortage of electricity, capital, telecommunication and export market access. While we were wondering on how to go to Rih Dil, we found that scooty are available that will take you to the Lake. The last stretch of roads to Aizawl is quite bumpy. But believe, the night sumos in Mizoram are quite safe. In addition to these, there are several websites in local dialects. Furthermore, they would not consult the powerful church on the issue. Within the church services are drums, commonly used and known locally as "khuang". The person on the other end suggested that we might consider going to Aizawl that night itself as night sumos to Aizawl were available. Carry your ID cards and keep it safe. There are sumos available from Imphal, Manipur to Aizawl as well. So we checked out of the tourist lodge at 12 PM and were waiting for our sumo. The state is a power deficit state, with plans to develop its hydroelectric potential. In 1898, the southern part was transferred from Bengal to Assam. Vangchhia was cancelled for this trip. A word of caution: For going offbeat destinations and villages, get to know about your sumo timings beforehand. Are there ATMs in Mizoram? The Mizos take their Sundays very seriously. So we again got hold of another local and asked him to talk to the sumo driver on our behalf. Although Google Maps will show you that it takes about 15 hours to cover this distance, rest assured, buses will take almost 20 -22 hours to reach. Shared sumos are also available from Guwahati to Aizawl. There are 25 letters in the alphabet: A, AW, B, CH, D, E, F, G, NG, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, Ṭ (with a dot under), U, V, Z. In India there have many beautiful places to visit for sightseeing. Anthropologically, the Mizos belong to the Mongoloid race and were the original settlers in the Shan state of erstwhile Burma. The crop area used for jhum cultivation rotates in Mizoram; that is, the area slashed and burnt for a crop is abandoned for a few years and then jhumias return to slash and burn the same plot after a few years of non-use. This blog is really useful for someone who needs brief details about the state. Hamlet Bareh, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5, T. R. Shankar Raman, Effect of Slash-and-Burn Shifting Cultivation on Rainforest Birds in Mizoram, Northeast India Conservation Biology, Vol. Each village behaved like a small state, and the chief was called Lal. A few years later, Captain Lester was wounded in a battle with the Lusei tribe in the region that is now Mizoram. , The state is a bird watcher's destination. It was my second car breakdown after Basar. Inspite of all these, we loved Mizoram and would visit the place again. Further, as they arrived, there were raids, fear of raids and intertribal feuds.  Thus, after a fire or landslide or flood damage, the Mizo culture is one of spontaneous humble social work without demands or expectations.  This reflects a 22.8% growth since 2001 census; still, Mizoram is second least populated state of India. These ethnic groups are collectively known as Mizos (Mi means People, Zo meaning the name of a progenitor ; Mizo thus is People of Zo origin). Like the other states, they also try to get a maximum amount from the tourists. The Duhlian dialect, also known as the Lusei, was the first language of Mizoram and has come to be known as the Mizo language. , There were 3,894 schools in Mizoram as of 2012. They usually charge about Rs20 -30 depending on the destination. Chapchar Kut was reintroduced and revived in 1973 by Mizo people to celebrate their heritage. 15, No. Once bitten, twice shy.  The state has about 871 kilometres of national highways, with NH-54 and NH-150 connecting it to Assam and Manipur respectively. , Jhum cultivation, or slash-and-burn practice, was a historic tradition in Mizoram and a threat to its forest cover. In 1849, a Lusei tribal raid killed 29 members of the Thadou tribe and added 42 captives to their clan. 4. Northeast Now is a multi-app based hyper-regional bilingual news portal. The I.T.C is situated in the Southern part of the Hnahthial Town and the whole Complex covers an area 25 Ha. Kurian, J. C., & Varte, R. T. (1995), CREROW AND KHUALLAM DANCES OF MIZOS, Encyclopaedic Profile of Indian Tribes, Vol 1, Aplin, K., & Lalsiamliana, J. Despite dedicating largest amount of labour, jhum cultivated and non-jhum crop area to rice, the yields are low; Mizoram average rice yields per acre is about 70% of India's average rice yield per acre and 32% of India's best yield. , Of the total installed power generation capacity, all 29.35 MW came from hydel. Later in the afternoon, we visited K V Paradise and Solomonâs Temple. Mizoram (English: /mɪˈzɔːrəm/ (listen)) is a state in northeastern India, with Aizawl as its capital city. It was going to pick us up from the Tourist Lodge itself. Saitual is a census town located in Aizawl district in the state. Day 2 | Aizawl This was a Sunday and so everything was closed in Aizawl. On crossing the boundary, we had to keep our Adhaar cards with the border security of Myanmar. There was a guy in motorbike who was getting his ILP from the checkpost. But there is a sumo counter right at Zarkawt. The political and judiciary powers of chiefs were neither final nor exclusive, thereafter. There is not much to do here. Journal of Agri. You should visit Mizoram because tourism in Mizoram is completely unadulterated and off the beaten track. Hmuifang is a small hill station and has some great views of the mountains and valleys. As a result of their campaign, the hereditary rights of the 259 chiefs were abolished under the Assam-Lushai District ("Acquisition of Chief's Rights") Act, 1954. Lalthangliana hoped that the three new districts would help in political and economic development of the people. The teacher-pupil ratio is about 1:20 for primary, 1:9 for middle School, 1:13 for high, and 1:15 for higher secondary schools.. , Mizoram has a highly literate work force, with literacy rate of nearly 90% and widespread use of English. Almost all the major towns and district headquarters are connected by daily sumos that leave at regular intervals. Following the Mizoram Peace Accord (1986) between the Government and the MNF, Mizoram was declared a full-fledged state of India in 1987. A model Mizo village was also built for the visitors there. About 52% of Mizoram population lives in urban areas, much higher than India's average. Verdant rolling hills stretch across the horizon.  Forest products contribute about 5% to the state's gross product.  Earlier there were significant Hindu population among the Reang (Bru) communities, but after the communal clash, many of them migrated to Tripura and Assam. , The state has two national parks and six wildlife sanctuaries - Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) National Park, Dampa Tiger Reserve (largest), Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary, Murlen National Park, Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary, Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary, Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary, and Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary. Different tribes and sub-tribes arrived in the present Mizoram, in successive waves and settled down in different parts of the state.