Choose the design that fits your site.  | Last modifications, Copyright © 2012 sensagent Corporation: Online Encyclopedia, Thesaurus, Dictionary definitions and more.  |  Chile Earthquake 'Megathrust': Worst Type Of Quake Per Scientists "It was a truly enormous "megathrust" earthquake, shallow and offshore," Sheehan told Universe Today. [1] They are one type of dip-slip faults. This type of movement on a fault is known as a thrust fault earthquake. Just like historic seismicity, plate locking is more common in the northern and southern parts of Cascadia. Art des Erdbebens, das in Subduktionszonen an zerstörerischen konvergenten Plattengrenzen auftritt. n an earthquake of exceptional destructive power, esp one with a magnitude of 8 or greater, which may generate a tsunami. © 2011-2020 Call of Fire Science Company  All rights reserved. The major subduction zone is associated with the Pacific and Indian Oceans and is responsible for the volcanic activity associated with the Pacific Ring of Fire. The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent. When two oceanic plates converge island arcs form. Megathrust earthquakes occur at subduction zones at destructive plate boundaries (convergent boundaries), where one tectonic plate is subducted (forced underneath) by another. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The Sunda megathrust is a fault that extends approximately 5,500 km (3300 mi) from Myanmar (Burma) in the north, running along the southwestern side of Sumatra, to the south of Java and Bali before terminating near Australia. [2] Oblique-slip faults have significant components of different slip styles. The last time there was a megathrust earthquake it was on the evening of January 26, 1700. The term megathrust does not have a widely accepted rigorous definition, but is used to refer to an extremely large thrust fault, typically formed at the plate interface along a subduction zone such as the Sunda megathrust.[3][4]. It is one of the most seismogenic structures on Earth, being responsible for many great and giant earthquakes, including the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami that killed over 230,000 people. A thrust fault is a reverse fault with a dip of 45° or less. Plates are lockedThe plates are locked at this time and pressure is building in this zone. No one knows exactly when the locked plates will break in the future. A thrust fault is a reverse fault with a dip of 45° or less. • What’s going on about 90 miles (150 km) below the Earth’s surface? Privacy policy "The Sunda megathrust: past, present and future", "Heterogeneous coupling of the Sumatran megathrust constrained by geodetic and paleogeodetic measurements", "Seismic history and seismotectonics of the Sunda Arc", "Destructive historical tsunamis at the western coast of Sumatra, Tsunami Laboratory, Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics Siberian Division Russian Academy of Sciences", "Zachariasen, J., Sieh, K., Taylor, F.W., Edwards, R.L. Also called (in full): "We are told that there is a seven to 40 per cent chance of a, The findings also suggest that the plate is cooling faster than expected, which affects the friction at the collision zone and the resulting size of any potential, "We also found a precise link between the fragility of the fault and the signal's strength, which can help us more accurately predict a, Love said the hubbub over the eclipse holds a side benefit for planners by showing how the highway system would be used after a Cascadia, And Charles Darwin said he observed volcanic eruptions triggered by the magnitude 8.5 Chile, By describing cases of pneumonia that occurred after the, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, OFF THE SCALE: In the 4th century BC, Aristotle proposed that earthquakes were caused by winds trapped in subterranean caves.