In the Patriarchal family the element of paternity was the chief fact. Are families patriarchal or matriarchal? Kinship was accordingly, purely negative. The members may come and go but the group continues. This form of power is more subtle than the previous two because it is about one group or individual shaping the wishes and desires of another group/individual without them realising they’re being manipulated as evident in the clip below. She had no standing before the law over and against her husband. Though it may also be said that the patriarchal family in traditional sense has also changed in its nature on account of the new social and economic forces particularly the women’s Lib. First there was a tribe and it was the oldest and primary social group. Matriarchal and Patriarchal Theory. It may also be pointed out that the patriarchal or patrilineal or patrilocal family is more common than the matriarchal or matrilineal or matrilocal family. Still, however, in orthodox families she is subject to the rule of her husband. Similarly, the gens broadened into the tribe. Modern theories show that the patriarchal family was not universal, the patriarchal theory was subjected to severe attacks. Permanent marriage was the rule whether monogamy or polygamy. Stephen Leacock says nonetheless, both the theories sufficiently establish that family is the original link in the evolution of the state. Type of family structure - matriarchal, patriarchal, nuclear or extended. An extended family is usually run by the patriarch. Sometimes, in a patriarchal family an individual woman may achieve great fame. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The American family is of a nuclear type. In this kind of family, the wife goes and lives in the house of her husband. desires of people. This constituted the patriarchal family. The father in the hunting stage roamed far and wide, coming home irregularly and staying away for long periods of time. None of the descendants of a female was included in the primitive notion of family relationship. He controlled not only the business affairs of the group which he headed but its religion and its conduct. Change ). When his children married there was expansion in the original family and it led to the establishment of new families. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. When, where and how the state came into existence have not been recorded anywhere in history. This occurs in the family because women have grown to accept their subordinate status through Lukes’ third face of power. Patriarchal Family: Causes of the Decay of Patriarchal Family! The Patriarchal theory explains that the state originated from the patriarchal family or the family in which the pater or father was the head. Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail. Unlike the matriarchal sy… Therefore because the wife/partner’s is seen to have a ‘lesser’ valued domestic role the agenda is set she’ll cook the meal. Morgan referred to as the ‘father of American anthropology’ postulated that the family evolved through various stages, from the lowest promiscuity to the highest monogamy. This is the matrilineal system. The matriarchal system has prevailed in many parts of the earth such as among the North American Indians and the people of Malabar and a few other parts of India. The following important points may be noted in Maine's Patriarchal theory. Modern Family: What are main Features of a Modern Family? In India, too, he family of Vedic times was strongly patriarchal. (2) On the basis of structure, the family has been classified nuclear and extended family: A nuclear family is one which consists of the husband, wife or wives and their children. The matriarchal system was prior to the patriarchal system and tribe. 2. The father exercised sole power over his wife and children. However, the fact that women in history appear in positions of authority is not a conclusive evidence of matriarchal system. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The person or group who win the argument gain all the power and can act on their decision. Kinship was accordingly, purely negative. Patriarchal and matriarchal theories are in essence sociological rather than political theories. In contrast, a nuclear family “lives” only until one of the parents dies. They have no right over the property of the mother’s family. Descent is not only matriarchal but also matrilocal. In support of his statement, Sir Henry Maine cited the patriarchs of the old testament 'families' and 'brotherhood' of Athens, the patriapotestos in Rome and the Hindu Joint family system in India. This means that the descent of the younger generations is traced through their mother’s side. There is no adequate proof in support of the matriarchal system as the universal and necessary beginning of society. In this kind of family one woman marries many men and lives with all of them or with each of them alternately. (iv) The children can inherit the property of their fattier only. However, the family property is indivisible. Political thinkers have attempted to explain the origin of the state in various ways. (iii) The children are brought up in the home of the wife’s relatives. movement, yet the fact still remains that family system is patriarchal in the greater parts of the world.