The decline in India is projected to be less steep, from 762 to 578 million. Thank you for subscribing our enewsletter. Changes in the working-age population are likely to be particularly important for policymakers. The number of people of working age in China, for example, will plummet from about 950 million today to just over 350 million by the end of the century -- a 62% drop. 8. Please check your download folder. Brazil is projected to fall in ranking from eighth today to 13th, and Russia from the number 10 spot to 14th. Population: 33,209,856. By century's end, 183 of 195 countries -- barring an influx of immigrants -- will have fallen below the replacement threshold needed to maintain population levels, an international team of researchers reported in The Lancet. "These forecasts suggest good news for the environment, with less stress on food production systems and lower carbon emissions, as well as significant economic opportunity for parts of sub-Saharan Africa," lead author Christopher Murray, director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, told AFP. Spain, Italy and Poland are among the European countries possibly facing a drop of at least roughly half. "Continued global population growth through the century is no longer the most likely trajectory for the world's population.". Indonesia could become the 12th largest economy globally, while Nigeria -- currently 28th -- is projected to crack the top 10. As fertility falls and life expectancy increases worldwide, the number of children under five is forecast to decline by more than 40%, from 681 million in 2017 to 401 million in 2100, the study found. The population of Spain doubled during the twentieth century as a result of the spectacular demographic boom in the 1960s and early 1970s. China's will fall nearly that much, from 1.4 billion people today to 730 million in 80 years. Sub-Saharan Africa, meanwhile, will triple in size to some3 billion people, with Nigeria alone expanding to almost 800 million in 2100, second only to India's 1.1 billion. 17 Jul 2020 at 16:25. Please check your download folder. "It is imperative that women's freedom and rights are at the top of every government's development agenda.". The difference between the UN and IHME figures hinges crucially on fertility rates. "However, in the face of declining population there is a very real danger that some countries might consider policies that restrict access to reproductive health services, with potentially devastating consequences," Murray cautioned. India's GDP will rise to take the number three spot, while Japan, Germany, France and the UK will stay among the world's 10 largest economies. Chart and table of Spain population from 1950 to 2020. By subscribing, you accept the terms and conditions in our, ©2020 Bangkok Post Public Company Limited, World population in 2100 could be 2 billion below UN projections. Population: 86,170,462. A new rice grain developed by the Rice Department could represent the potential future of Thailand’s rice industry. The world’s population will likely peak at 9.7 billion in 2064, followed by a decline to about 8.8 billion by 2100, as access to education and contraception gets better. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 33,209,856 Population. "Our analysis suggests that as women become more educated and have access to reproductive health services, they choose to have less than 1.5 children on average," he explained by email. 15 Jul 2020 at 08:25, updated: Sources - What is a population pyramid? These tectonic shifts will also reshuffle the pecking order in terms of economic clout, the researchers forecast. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. Social services and healthcare systems will need to be overhauled to accommodate much older populations. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. Italy's population is predicted to halve to 30 million by 2100, according to a new study. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Population in 2000 and 2100, minimum and maximum size up to 2300, and percentage change to these points from 2000, by country ..... 46 9. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. Sharp declines in the number and proportion of the working-age population will also pose huge challenges in many countries. Thailand remained 43rd out of 63 economies in the talent competitiveness ranking by the Institute for Management Development (IMD), pressured by a decline in public expenditure on education and labour force growth.