In their natural environment, Giant Burrowing or Rhinoceros Cockroaches live in burrows up to one metre (about 3 feet) below the surface. This process may occur 10-12 times before they reach adult size. , Reproductive behaviour between the cockroaches tends to occur at night time, and is based mostly on scent, taste and touch. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 35, 263–284. Up until 2019 the cockroaches at Reedy Creek were mistaken for the more commonly occuring Macropanesthia rhinoceros also known as the Rhinoceros Cockroach or the Litterbug. Most of our operating costs are funded by generous individuals. They’re found along the coast from Rockhampton to Cooktown, and on the Whitsunday Islands. Nevertheless, the cockroach is a highly resilient species. In addition, this exposes a mushy and pale tissue between their abdominal sclerites. An adult can reach over 60 mm and up to 75-80 mm, and can weigh up to 30-35 grams. The Australian burrowing cockroach makes for an easy to look after pet that requires some specific, but easy housing requirements. They make their home in dry, eucalyptus woodlands and scrubland. Their diet is made up solely of dried, brown eucalypt leaves. Description: The Giant Burrowing Cockroach is native to Australia and is one of the largest cockroaches in the world! Monday to Friday, PO Box 3652, Largely considered to be one of the most “primitive” neopteran (winged) insects in the world, the cockroach possesses very few “special adaptations” to aid in its daily survival. Giant burrowing cockroaches are the largest of the 18 burrowing cockroaches in Australia. Familial Association, Nymphal Development and Population Density in the Australian Giant Burrowing Cockroach, Macropanesthia rhinoceros (Blattaria: Blaberidae). The cockroach is one of the most common creatures on Earth and can be found on every continent.  It is a member of the family Blaberidae, which has up to 19 species. Note they should be kept in relatively small containers containing a compost, sand and peat mixture. Here are a few more common facts: they can live for a month or more without food, yet only about 1 week …  Nymphs grow at the same rate and once the nymphs leave the nest they live alone until it fully develops and becomes an adult. You may house pairs together year round with success. Additionally leaves must be brown and dead. We work with neighbouring land-owners to look after the plant and animal species, like the Giant Burrowing Cockroach, that call Reedy Creek Reserve home. By Mark Pellegrini (Raul654) – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4631230, By Urasimaru – [https://www.flickr.com/photos/urasimaru/11562907785/in/photolist-iBMAv3-iBLVD4-iBMFfv Flickr.com, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=57726188. Males and females can be distinguished based on the shape of the head. Giant burrowing cockroaches are ground dwellers with a diet consisting mainly of decaying plant material. The sight of a giant burrowing cockroach might not be pleasant for the faint of heart. There are 18 known geographical populations of the cockroach along subtropical Queensland. Giant burrowing cockroaches 'hiss' by pushing air our of their body segments. The giant burrowing … This cockroach is a valued member of the ecosystem. Brown, W.V; Rose, H.A; Lacey, M.J; Wright, K (2000). Fertilized eggs are deposited directly into a specialized brood pouch and incubated for about three months until they begin to hatch. [online] Bugsed.com. The giant burrowing cockroach (Macropanesthia rhinoceros) looks like a monster but is in fact a harmless creature.The gentle giant lacks wings and is not regarded as a pest. Unlike some other cockroaches, the giant burrowing cockroach does not have wings and is not considered a pest.  It is present across a one thousand kilometre range. Measuring up to 80mm, they're giants of the cockroach world and as big as the palm of your hand! More than 1,000 active volunteers support us. Males have a particularly pronounced ‘scoop’ – shields on the top of their heads that are perfectly suited for digging, and fighting with rival males.