However, unlike some other large metropolitan areas that are entirely contained in one state, like Greater Guadalajara and Greater Monterrey in which the state government coordinates metropolitan activities, Greater Mexico City spreads over three federal entities—two states and the Federal District—and therefore most of the metropolitan projects have to be agreed upon by government officials of each federal entity and/or overseen by the federal government—since the budget of the Federal District is approved by the Congress of the Union, being the capital of the federation—or through metropolitan commissions. In 1900 president Porfirio Díaz inaugurated the Valley's System of Drainage that hinders the growth of water bodies in the valley (and prevents floods). By contrast, the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico is considered a normative definition, in that it incorporates 18 additional strategic municipalities in the territorial administration of the region, even if they have not been fully integrated yet. As such, metropolitan areas in the northwestern states usually do not extend over more than one municipality, and figures usually report population for the entire municipality. According to the Human Development Report of 2005 most metropolitan municipalities had a high human development index. Within the Greater Mexico City area the population is even denser, with 9,800 people per square kilometer. Many urban projects, mostly related to the improvement of air quality and water sanitation, are coordinated for all constituent municipalities of this agglomeration. A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan … Le Kinois (habitants de Kinshasa) sont connus pour leur sens de l'humour, leur musique et leur amour pour la danse. The area that Mexico City occupies comes to a total of 1,485 square kilometers (573 square miles). The program groups vehicles by their ending license plate digits, and every weekday vehicles having any of the day's two "hoy no circula" digits are banned from circulating.  The English name "Mexico City" remains. ", "Metro Lagos (Nigeria): Local Government Areas - Population Statistics, Charts and Map", "IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2016", "Rio de Janeiro (Metropolitan Area, Metropolitan Areas, Brazil) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location", "Evenements: "Avec une population de 9,5 millions, Kinshasa est la troisième plus grande ville sur le continent africain, de taille égale à Johannesburg. The total mid-2019 population of Mexico is projected to be 126.6 million (i.e. 2016 Census", Population on 1 January by broad age group, sex and metropolitan regions, "Washington - Arlington - Alexandria (Metropolitan Statistical Area, Metropolitan Areas, USA) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location", UNSD Demographics Statistics – City population by sex, city and city type, Nordpil World Database of Large Urban Areas, 1950–2050, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_largest_cities&oldid=986819535, Lists of cities (worldwide) by population, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 05:30. It is further extended by the Xochimilco Light Rail and the lines A and B. 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Moreover, newer vehicles are exempt from complying with the program—in that they are manufactured with stricter pollution-reduction equipment—a move said to have been pushed by auto makers to boost sales of new vehicles. UNICEF defines urban area as follows: The definition of "urban" varies from country to country, and, with periodic reclassification, can also vary within one country over time, making direct comparisons difficult.  This situation changed drastically during the period of 1980 to 2000, in which the economic based shifted to the service sector which in 2000 employed close to 70% of the economically active population in the conurbation. Greater Mexico City refers to the conurbation around Mexico City, officially called Mexico City Metropolitan Area (Spanish: Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México), constituted by Mexico City itself composed of 16 Municipalities—and 41 adjacent municipalities of the states of Mexico and Hidalgo. Coacalco de Berriozábal had the highest value in the State of Mexico metropolitan area (.9045), the second highest in the whole state after Metepec (Greater Toluca) and the fourth in Greater Mexico City after the boroughs of Benito Juarez, Miguel Hidalgo and Coyoacán making it the 10th nationally. The increasing population concentration in the north of Mexico is strongly associated with the development of the maquila industri… The United States shares a 2,000 mi (3,000 km) border with Mexico.  The Chinese municipality of Chongqing, which claims the largest city proper in the world, comprises a huge administrative area of 82,403 km2, around the size of Austria. UNICEF defines metropolitan area as follows: A formal local government area comprising the urban area as a whole and its primary commuter areas, typically formed around a city with a large concentration of people (i.e., a population of at least 100,000). A commuter train, the Tren Suburbano, serve several municipalities of the metropolitan area since it started operating by mid-2007, with new lines planned. Coacalco was followed by Cuautitlán Izcalli (.9023) which had a very high HDI as well, Cuautitlán (.8919), Atizapán de Zaragoza (.8858) Tlalnepantla de Baz (.8854), Huixquilucan de Degollado (.8843), Jaltenco (.8772), Naucalpan de Juárez (.8754), Tultitlán de Mariano Escobedo (.8700) and Tecámac (.8669). Close to 52% of the economically active population of Greater Mexico City worked in the industry sector in 1970.  Per the agreement, most urban planning projects will be administered by Metropolitan Commissions. The above municipalities are located in the state of Mexico; in fact, approximately 75% (10 million) of the state of México's population live in municipalities that are part of Greater Mexico City's conurbation. The UN figures are a mixture of city proper, metropolitan area, and urban area. Because of a clause in the Mexican Constitution, however, since it is the seat of the powers of the federation, it can never become a state, or the capital of the country has to be relocated. "(2013)", "Los Angeles - Long Beach - Anaheim (Metropolitan Statistical Area, Metropolitan Areas, USA) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location", "Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. UN figures for each cities are varied between city proper, metropolitan area, and urban agglomeration. The megalopolis of central Mexico was defined to be integrated by the metropolitan areas of Mexico City, Puebla, Cuernavaca, Toluca and Pachuca, which may also conform complex subregional rings themselves (Greater Puebla has a regional ring with Atlixco, San Martín Texmelucan, Tlaxcala, and Apizaco). The valley of Mexico is surrounded by mountains on all four sides creating a basin with only one small opening at the north, trapping all exhaust emissions of the city.  The largest city by population using the city proper definition, which is the area under the administrative boundaries of a local government, is Chongqing, China.