Thanks in advance for your time. A level sociology revision – education, families, research methods, crime and deviance and more! Systems of Social Exchange 21. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Acknowledgments In other words, concepts may provide an explanation of a certain aspect of the social world, or they may stand for things we want to explain. Concepts are closely related to the main sociological perspectives, and some of the main concepts developed by different perspectives include: Within sociology, one might even say that there’s a more ‘fundamental’ layer of concepts that lie behind the above – such as ‘society’, ‘culture’ and ‘socialization‘, even ‘sociology’ itself is a concept, as are ‘research’ and ‘knowledge’.