Her receptions were always well attended as she hosted the only court life taking place in Prussia at the time, which made it an important social center and a place to meet important people.[2]. Duke Charles William Ferdinand of Brunswick was to be asked to join this league of princes (Fürstenbund) which he did on 30 August. August Wilhelm, Duke o Brunswick-Bevern (1715-1781) "[3] She commented on the death of Frederick to his successor, Frederick William II, with the words: In the will of Frederick the Great, Elisabeth was secured not only the continuation of her usual income; an additional 10,000 thalers annually; residence, games wine and firewood in the royal palaces of her choice; and a directive that his successor and nephew Fredrick William always treat her with respect due to her position. For example, the lines of Grubenhagen and Göttingen were split for a while. Married firstly Clara Maria of Pomerania-Barth (1574 – 1623) daughter of Bogislaw XIII, Duke of Pomerania, sec… (2004). [2] Elisabeth was interested in political literature and authored several translations under the pseudonym "Constance". In 1635 Duke Augustus the Younger, from the collateral line of Lüneburg-Dannenberg, took over the reins of power in the principality and founded the New House of Brunswick. During Charles I's era, there were great achievements in the cultural and scientific fields: the theatre was promoted and education encouraged. Whilst shortly beforehand the Habsburg emperor had been the most important focal point through political marriages, the Wolfenbüttel line of the Welfs became closely linked to the Hohenzollerns through the marriage of the Prussian Crown Prince Frederick to Elisabeth Christine. [2] During the first years of his reign, he did somewhat revive the court life, but after Sanssouci palace in Potsdam was completed in 1747, he spent his life more isolated in Sanssouci in the summer and the Potsdam royal residence in winter, and only appeared at the official royal court in Berlin at special occasions such as birthdays of members of the royal house and visits of foreign princes. These substantial collections had been amassed by the Brunswick dukes. Ein Frauenleben in Preußen. In the process, the duke followed the trend and did not interfere with anything, including work on the new castle, begun in 1718 by Hermann Korb on the Grauer Hof which was still not finished. The importance of this court was signified by the number of craftsmen needed. The Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern emerged from an inheritance dispute between Ferdinand Albert I and his brothers. Son of Henry of Dannenberg (1533-1598) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg. After the death of her friend Sophie Caroline von Camas in 1766, she published a French translation of Le Chrétien dans la Solitude. Having failed in his attempt to flee from the tyrannical regime of his father, King Fredrick William I, Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia was ordered to marry a daughter of Duke Ferdinand Albert II and Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in 1733 in order to regain his freedom. Politically Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was one of Prussia's closest allies. On 4 August 1714, he mairit Eleonore Charlotte o Kurland (1686-1748), dochter o Friedrich Casimir Kettler, . In 1500 Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel became part of the Lower Saxon Circle within the Holy Roman Empire. Spalding commented: "her memory will always be blessed as a touching example of the noblest mental qualities, the most enlightened and lively piety, and the most wonderfully active benevolence."[3]. The town thus lost the independence it had enjoyed since the 15th century. She was often greeted by cheering crowds when she appeared in public. In 1735 when the dynastic line died out another collateral line emerged: the Brunswick-Bevern line founded in 1666. After Otto the Child, grandchild of Henry the Lion, had been given the former allodial seat of his family (located in the area of present-day eastern Lower Saxony and northern Saxony-Anhalt) by Emperor Frederick II on 21 August 1235 as an imperial enfeoffment under the name of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, the duchy was divided in 1267/1269 by his sons. In 1667 Ferdinand Albert was awarded the castle of Bevern near Holzminden. In 1563 it was decreed by Henry the Younger that every 6 years Meier and Grundherr had to negotiate the extension of the estate lease; later this was increased to 9 years. Hans-Henning Grote (2005) Schloss Wolfenbüttel. 2. Augustus the Younger (1579 – 1666) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1635. Hundreds of timber-framed buildings were built for the court, for its citizens and for ducal facilities, initially randomly, later designed to ducal requirements and for fire protection. Various dynastic lines of the House of Welf ruled Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. Farmers could now purchase the land freehold and the money required could be loaned from the ducal lending office. In 1806 Duke Charles William Ferdinand was mortally wounded as a Prussian general in the Battle of Auerstedt. Albert I (also called Albert the Tall) (1236-1279) was given the regions around Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Einbeck-Grubenhagen and Göttingen-Oberwald. He wis Prince o Brunswick-Bevern and foondit o the younger Brunswick-Bevern line. Due to her long experience in handling the representational life of the reign of Frederick the Great, "the Queen Dowager, who, by her circumspection and natural dignity, was of more importance than the Queen regnant", was often consulted in court matters. Her translations of the Réflexions sur l'etat des affaires publiques en 1778[4] aroused public patriotism during the War of Bavarian Succession. As the king became more spartan over the years, the receptions of the queen become more underfunded, Charpentier once joking: "The Queen must have a grand gala tonight; I saw an old lamp lighted on the staircase as I passed! [2], During the Seven Years' War, the King was permanently absent from the capital for six years, which made the Queen become the symbol of Prussian resilience in the capital during the crisis. The secret mission was disguised as a family visit at the time of the Autumn Fair. The extensive gardens in front of the three town gates (the Herzogtor, Harztor and Augusttor) were leased to the former gardeners as an emphyteusis. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Clarissa Campbell Orr: Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. [3], Elisabeth successfully introduced silk cultivation to Prussia and was involved in charity, to which she contributed 23,000 thalers out of her allowance of 40,000 thalers, more than half her income. court life determined the timing of the stay in the Residenz castle on Bohlweg. He thus founded the Old House of Brunswick and laid the basis for what became, later, the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. At the end of the 19th century Flurbereinigung or land consolidation took place. Ernst Ferdinand o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (4 Mairch 1682 – 14 Aprile 1746) wis a teetular Duke o Brunswick an Lüneburg. affliction. This pattern continued even after the couple moved to the palace in Rheinsberg in 1736. He wis a Dens field marshal an the last Duke o Brunswick-Bevern This page wis last eeditit on 9 October 2020, at 19:31. 4,000 townsfolk followed the ducal family and Wolfenbüttel's population sank from 12,000 to 7,000. From 1519 to 1523 the principality went to war with the principalities of Hildesheim and Lüneburg in the Hildesheim Diocesan Feud which, despite a resounding defeat in the Battle of Soltau, eventually resulted in large territorial gains accruing to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. [1] Thus, Elizabeth's position at the Berlin Court was difficult from the beginning, as the only support that she could count on was the King's. Residenz der Herzöge zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg. Its southern edge was graced by the little Lustschloss of Antoinettenruh, built in 1733 instead of a garden house, a work by the master builder, Hermann Korb, who was so important to Wolfenbüttel. He — and later his son Ferdinand Albert II — were princes of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern. In his Landtag farewell in 1597, "Duke" Henry Julius made the farms inheritable. There were further reunifications and divisions. Bokindustri Aktiebolag (1956) Stockholm, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Crown Princess of Prussia, Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Augustus II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Ferdinand Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Duchess Elisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Countess Palatine Eleonora Catherine of Kleeburg, Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Princess Elisabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg, Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Albert Ernest I, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen, Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen, Duchess Christine Friederike of Württemberg, Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, Landgravine Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel, Duchess Sophia Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Duchess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Margravine Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt, Landgravine Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, Princess Louise Sophie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia, Duchess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elisabeth_Christine_of_Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern&oldid=986168981, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Biskup, Thomas. It should be mentioned that throughout his life, Frederick didn't show any sexual interest in women and the only woman whom he considered a close friend was his older sister, Wilhelmine. Auflage. [1] Elisabeth was the niece of Empress Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, wife of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. On 4 August 1714, he mairit Eleonore Charlotte o Kurland (1686-1748), dochter o Friedrich Casimir Kettler, Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge, Ernest Ferdinand, Duke o Brunswick-Lüneburg, Ferdinand Albert I, Duke o Brunswick-Lüneburg, https://sco.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ernst_Ferdinand,_Duke_o_Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern&oldid=810401, Pages uisin dupleecate arguments in template caws, Pages uisin infobox ryalty wi unkent parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Christine Sophie (1717-1779) mairit Margrave. From Brunswick there were jibes that Wolfenbüttel had deteriorated into a "widows' residence" (Witwensitz). The castle built here for the Brunswick-Lüneburg dukes - together with the ducal chancery, the consistory, the courts and the archives - became the nerve centre of a giant region, from which the Wolfenbüttel-Brunswick part of the overall duchy was ruled. She was praised for her charity work during the Seven Years' War. She said of herself: "God has graciously kept me, so that I need not reproach myself for any action by which any person has with my knowledge been hurt. During the first seventeen years of her husband's reign, she shared the representational duties of the court with her mother-in-law until the latter's death in 1757, When she handled them alone. [2] While he on rare occasions participated in Berlin court life, he never visited her court at Schönhausen, nor was she ever invited to Sanssouci. In the Thirty Years War Wolfenbüttel was the strongest fortress in North Germany, but survived the war heavily damaged. Duchess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (8 November 1715 – 13 January 1797) was Queen of Prussia and Electress of Brandenburg as the wife of Frederick the Great. Cambridge University Press (2004), Reiners, Ludwig (Swedish): Fredrik den store (Fredrick the Great). Frederick was often absent even at important functions, such as the state visit of the Russian Grand Duke in 1776. [1] The marriage was arranged by Frederick William I of Prussia and Ferdinand Albert.